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What is Paronychia?

Paronychia Picture

A paronychia is a superficial infection of epithelium lateral to the nail plate. Paronychia is a term applied to all acute inflammations of the deep-seated tissues in the finger, whether the structure is affected by the root of the nail, the pulp of the fingertips, the skin of fingers or the bone. The acute painful purulent (full of pus) infection is most frequently caused by staphylococci. Chronic paronychia is an infection of the nail fold with a yeast-like fungus called candida. The patient's condition is improved by the drainage of pus from the affected skin.

Paronychia Causes - What actually happens in this conditon?

In Paronychia, a small painful abscess that forms at the base of the nail or the pulp of the finger. Sometimes, the patient feels intense pain as the bursting of an ,abscess takes a long time.

It mostly occurs in housewives. The main factor for this is the prolonged wetting of hands. The condition usually starts in one finger (generally, the middle finger of the right hand) as a glazed red swelling of the nail fold. Later, other fingers may be affected. Secondary infection with bacteria causes pain and discharge of pus from the nail fold. Sometimes the nail is lost and the finger may be disfigured.

Treatment of Paronychia

Below are some of the treatment options against Paronychia:

  • It is essential to keep hands dry as far as possible to make healing possible quickly.
  • Warm soaks can be used 3 or 4 times a day for acute paronychia to promote drainage and relieve some of the pain.
  • Local application of 1 per cent Gention-violet paint of mycostatin suspension (P)-in the nail fold twice everyday for a prolonged period would help cure the disease.
  • Fungal paronychia may be treated with topical or oral antifungals.
  • Your doctor may prescribe some medications sych as thymol, mupirocin, Loprox or Lotrisone.

Prevention of Paronychia

Here are some of the prevention tips for Paronychi:

  • Do not bite nails or cuticles.
  • Do not suck fingers.
  • Try to avoid soaking hands in water without wearing waterproof gloves.

Home Remedy for Paronychia

Mix one part of isphagula in four parts of vinegar, and apply on the affected skin. The poultice -like mixture should be bandaged with clean cloth and water sprinkled over it. The bandage should be changed after every 3 to 4 hours. The inflammation will subside in 2 to 3 days. Once the pus has been ejected, cooked leaves of neem should be wrapped over the site the paronychia.



Paronychia Treatment