Port Wine Stains
A port wine stain on the face of a new born child is symptomatic of Sturge - weber syndrome, a condition involving the vascular and central nervous system.
A port wine stain can range from pale pink to dark purple in color. In the past these lesions were erroneously called "capillary hemangiomas." These can occur equally among males and females.
What is a Port Wine Stains?
A port wine stain is a vascular birthmark usually a large flat patch of purple or dark red skin with well-defined borders caused by blood vessel abnormality, capillary malformation of the skin. At birth the surface of the port-wine stain is flat, but with time it becomes puffy and often more unsightly. Although they may occur anywhere on the body, but the face is most commonly affected. Where present, they generally appear on one side of the body with a sharp mid-line cut-off.
Who gets a Port Wine Stains?
Anyone can be born with a port wine stain. Usually they are very rare. Three out of one thousand children are born with a port wine stain.
Signs and Symptoms of Port Wine Stains
How long do Port Wine Stains last?
Port wine stains start from the birth of a child. Sometimes they fade away on their own with time but most of the times they need to be treated by a specialist. Sometimes when they are not treated at the right time they get darker and more textured over time.
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
A port wine stain on the face can be a part of Sturge-Weber syndrome. This syndrome also involves problems with blood vessels in the eyes and brain. However, a port wine stain does not usually mean that Sturge-Weber syndrome is present.
How Port Wine Stains Treated?
They cannot be removed by cutting them out. These should be treated by laser as infrared treatment.
A huge lot of advancements have been made in the laser technology over the past ten years and now children as young as 6 months can be treated for port wine stains by laser therapy.
How can one prevent Port Wine Stains from occurring?
There is no effective prevention for Port Wine Stains till time.
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