Mucocutaneous Candidiasis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
It is an infection of the fungi of the Candidi family, usually found in the mouth, nails, skin and sometimes it is found on other organs. The name Candidi refers to the white color of the infection. It is a heterogeneous disorder of the immune system characterized by persistent yeast infections of the mucous membranes and scalp.
The patients with mucocutaneous candidiasis have an increased incidence of autoimmune disorders including endocrine disorders, diabetes, hemolytic anemia, autoimmune hair loss or loss of skin pigment.
Causes of Mucocutaneous Candidiasis:
The main causes of mucocutaneous candidiasis are :-
- The immune system failure is the main cause of mucocutaneous candidiasis. An immunosuppressed patient, is more prone to get affected by mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- Inheritance can also lead to the condition of mucocutaneous candidiasis i.e. you got from either one parent (dominate) or both parents.
- The fungal infection is also the main cause of mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- A patient, who has AIDS, get easily affected by it.
Symptoms of Mucocutaneous Candidiasis:
The possible symptoms of mucocutaneous candidiasis are :-
- The yeast infection in the mouth is the primary symptom of mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- The infection of cornea and eyelids are also common in mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- The presence of some additional germs including bacteria and other fungi may also be seen as a symptoms in the patient of mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- The finger nails may appear red and may swell.
- A lot of lumps, may be seen in the affected area of the skin.
- The red rashes may be seen often in the vaginal area.
Treatments of Mucocutaneous Candidiasis:
The effective treatments for mucocutaneous candidiasis includes:-
- The oral anti-fungal antibiotics such as fluconazole and itraconazole are found very effective in the treatment of mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- Short courses of oral antifungals can be applied for the fast recovery from disorder.
- Fluconazole as amphotericin B is an effective for treating mucocutaneous candidiasis.
- The gene replacement therapy is also very suitable for the treatment.
- One of the widely used treatment of it is the transfer factor, which is a cell-free protein extracted from the T lymphocytes of Candida -immune donors.