Medication for Curing Baldness, Male Pattern Baldness, Alopecia Areata, Its Remedy
Baldness - What are the causes of excessive hair loss?
All of us lose hair. A loss of up to 100 hairs a day is normal, as this hair loss is replaced. Excessive hair loss which is not replaced leads to baldness or alopecia.
Baldness or Alopecia, as your Doctor would call it has Several Causes:
Many systemic diseases can cause diffuse hair loss. Any prolonged debilitation (typhoid, viral fevers, malaria, operations, accidents and even child birth) can be followed by diffuse loss of hair. Mental stress must be included as a cause of this type of baldness it can cause severe forms of baldness. Hair begins to fall about 3-4 months after the illness and continues for about 3-4 weeks. Most of the hair which is shed, however, regrows in about 3 months. Nutritional deficiencies, crash dieting and anorexia nervosa are all also associated with hair loss. Anemia is an important cause of hair loss in women. Hormonal disorders specially thyroid diseases and diseases
Male Pattern Baldness
The commonest form is the baldness that affects men. It is called male pattern baldness. The hair loss in this condition depends on two factors, namely the presence of male sex hormones (the androgens) and a genetic tendency to develop baldness. One out of every ten men is likely to develop some degree of male pattern baldness by the age of 25; by the age of 35, four out of ten men show male pattern baldness; and by the age of 50, nearly half of all men are in the condition of male pattern baldness.
The age of onset and the pattern of baldness and the rate at which it will progress are all inherited. Generally speaking, the sooner the baldness starts the more severe it is likely to be: so if a person has got a pretty good head of hair at the age of 35, he is very likely to keep it for a good many years more.
Baldness in Women
Androgen dependent baldness can also occur in women. Small amounts of androgens are normally present in all women. If you have a very strong family background of male type of baldness, then your hair is probably very sensitive to even the low levels of androgens normally present in women. However, the pattern of hair loss in women is totally different. In them, hair is lost from the whole scalp and they do not generally develop obvious baldness. Acne and hirsutism may be associated with this pattern of baldness in women.
The third type of baldness is called alopecia areata. Patches of baldness first appear on the scalp, but can spread to the eyebrows and eyelashes as well. In men the beard area may be involved. The patches develop rather suddenly and may be precipitated by stress. Fortunately, most of the time, the problem resolves on its own - the hair begins to regrow spontaneously within a few months. This pattern of alopecia is more commonly seen in men and is sometimes associated with leucoderma and diabetes.
Some, diseases of the scalp can also cause baldness. Many people think that dandruff causes hair loss but this is not true. In children, fungal infections commonly lead to hair loss. Sometimes, bacterial infections can cause baldness.
Finally physical trauma also results in hair loss: this type of hair loss affects women more often than it affects men. Tight hair styles, like pony tails for instance, literally pull the hair out by the roots. Baldness usually appears in the front of the scalp and improves once the hair style is changed for a looser one. Using hair brushes with stiff nylon bristles can also cause baldness, as also using combs with tough teeth. Too much exposure to hot air can cause similar problems too, so you must use a hair-dryer with care.
Baldness is an embarrassing problem and there is no treatment for several types of alopecias. So a huge range of commercial baldness remedies claiming to increase hair growth have appeared in the market. Whether anything will help, depends largely on
What you can do, if you are suffering from baldness, is to make sure that any causative factor is dealt with. Consult your skin specialist for this and if he finds a cause for your alopecia, he would treat it and your hair would regrow.
Male pattern alopecia is one type of baldness which is difficult to treat. Even in this, now treatments and remedies are encouraging, though they may be expensive.
1. The easiest and the cheapest solution is to grow the remaining hair, and then to restyle it to cover the baldness affected areas. Conditioning the hair would give body to the hair; but these methods can be resorted to only in mild cases of baldness.
2. A new drug, minoxidil, is now available to give relief to many balding scalps. It should be used only under strict medical supervision, because even though it is applied locally, serious side-effects can develop. A real problem with minoxidil is the high cost of the medicine.
3. Another rather expensive solution to baldness is hair transplantation. Hair transplantation was first used by Orentreich in 1959. It is based on the fact that hair, when transplanted from a hair producing area to a bald area of the scalp, continues to function and grow normally for a lifetime. If done with skill this method seems to work fairly well.
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