Liver Spots - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
They are darkened, yellowish-brown flat spots that typically appear on sun-exposed areas of skin. They vary in size from freckle-size to a few inches across. The epidermis (top surface layer) is expanding with more pigment, developing what looks like a large freckle. One may appear by itself, or as a few clustered together. They occur most often on the backs of the hands, on the forearms, shoulder, face, and forehead, areas of highest sun exposure. Liver spots are benign.
Liver spots may develop at an early age, even in childhood,but are common in older people, especially those who have spent too much time in the sun. Liver spots are also known as age spots, brown spots, lentigo, and lipofuscin pigment
Causes of liver spots:
Some of the causes of liver spots are:-
- Age:- As we grow older our metabolism changes and the liver may become so overwhelmed with toxins that it cannot rid the body of them.
- Excessive sun exposure:- Sun produces the ultra violet rays, that are very harmful for human skin. It is important to know that if you've had enough sun to develop age spots, you have a higher risk of developing skin cancer.
- Impaired liver function:- Due to the malfunctioning of liver, the color of the skin can change.
- Dietary or nutritional deficiency:- The deficiency of nutrition may also causes liver spots.
- Many people have a hereditary predisposition to develop liver spots. pots.
- They are more common in people who freckle and who burn easily.
- They are caused by an uneven production of the tanning pigment called melanin in the skin.
Symptoms for liver spots:
- The main symptom is a skin lesion that is a painless, flat patch or macule .
- Usual color of the lesion may be light brown to black
- Lesion are generally located on hands, arms, or forehead
- The size of liver spots are larger than birthmarks and often appear on the hands and face. Moles are raised marks on the skin and can grow hair.
- They do not itch.
Treatment for liver-spots:
The treatment for liver spots includes:-
- Cryotherapy (freezing) or laser treatment may be recommended to destroy the liver spots. During treatment of liver spots, the patches will disappear. If the patches are dark, these will fade and should disappear completely by the end of treatment. Pityriasis versicolor tends to be a chronic condition. If left untreated, it will not only persist but also possibly become more widespread.
- General recommendations: Avoid direct exposure to sunlight on the face and hands. Stay out of the sun particularly between 10am - 4pm when the UV exposure is greatest.
- Diet :As stated above consumption of foods high in natural antioxidants is the best insurance policy against free radical production. To improve your liver function you must avoid All dairy foods including milk, cheese, cream, butter, ice cream, yoghurt, chocolate etc
- Avoid sugary processed foods and drinks
- Drink 2 liters of water each day.
- Raw Juices:- Carrot juice in particular is recommended as a good source of betacarotene .This increases the elimination of toxins and waste products from the skin.
Herbal treatment for liver spots:-
- Liver tonic:- A general liver tonic that contains all the vital ingredients to enhance liver function.It consists of specific herbs such as Dandelion, Milk Thistle, Slippery Elm, amino acids.
- Selenium:- Selenium is a powerful antioxidant mineral that works synergistically to assist in protection against further damage to liver cells. Selenium has been found to be effective in reducing liver inflammation and is a strong antioxidant.