Lichen Striatus - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Lichen striatus is a rash that consists of small raised bumps.The rashes presents as pink raised spots that join together to form one or more dull red slightly scaly linear bands. It most commonly occurs in children between five and ten years of age. Lichen striatus is an uncommon self-limiting linear dermatosis.
It usually involves the arms and legs, but can affect any part of the body. This condition Lichen striatus usually does not cause any itching or other symptoms.
Causes of Lichen Striatus:
The causes of lichen striatus are :-
- The lichen striatus, may be develop after exposure to potential allergens such as medications, dyes, and other chemical substances. These include gold, antibiotics, arsenic, iodides, chloroquine, quinacrine, quinidine, antimony, phenothiazines, diuretics such as chlorothiazide, and many others.
- The lichen striatus, may be caused by lesion on the skin or in the mouth.
- Heredity: Approx.85% of patients with lichen striatus have a family history of atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinitis.
- To some extent emotional stress, is also responsible in the formation of lichen striatus.
- It may be associated with several other disorders, most notably hepatitis C.
- The etiology is not conform of lichen striatus, but it may be related to an allergic or immune reaction.
Symptoms of Lichen Striatus:
The possible symptoms of lichen striatus includes:-
- Itching at the location of a lesion.
- The blisters or ulcers may be seen over the affected area.
- The skin lesions are usually located on the inner areas of the wrist, legs, torso, or genitals .
- The nail abnormalities are common in lichen striatus.
- The mouth taste get changed to sour type.
- The papules may be present of the size of 2-4 cm.
- Feeling of dry mouth may also there.
Treatments of Lichen Striatus:
The effective treatments for lichen striatus are :-
- Antihistamines is found to be very effective in the treatment of lichen striatus.
- A lubricating lotion containing menthol and camphor or a mild corticosteroid preparation provides sufficient relief from pain and swelling.
- Emollients or topical steroids may be used to help treat dryness or itching, if present.
- Ultraviolet light therapy may also be useful .
- Doctors generally recommend topical retinoic acid cream to reduce itching and inflammation,
- Topical corticosteroids (such as triamcinolone acetonide cream) or oral corticosteroids (such as prednisone) are found very effective in the reduction of inflammation.
- If you have mouth lesions, lidocaine mouth washes may numb the area temporarily and make eating more comfortable.
- The use of cortisone creams, may help in the removal of redness of skin by offering pigmentation to it. These creams try to speed up the the process of recovery.