Facial Rashes - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
An eruption on the body, usually on the skin; a variety of forms, colors, and elevations exist. Some forms include pustules, scales, crusts, and hives.facial rashes often cause diagnostic confusion but a close examination of the clinical signs should help differentiate the underlying cause.there are many types of facial rashes like Rosacea, buttrefly etc. It is sometimes also called as butterfly rash, which is a red, flat facial rash over the bridge of the nose. It is characterised by the accumulation of fluid in the face, which may extend to the neck and upper arms. All facial rashes can cause significant distress to the patient and this should never be underestimated.
Rosacea, is a common face rash of adult.it has three stages:the face gets red,small blood vessels develop making the redness more noticeable, stinging or burning sensations and the skin will often feel tight, skin feels like a mild sunburn with smiling, frowning, or squinting and whatever the patient apply on his face he feels burning and irritation.
The main causes of facial rashes are as:-
- Seborrhoeic Eczema
- Perioral dermatitis
- Serious illness like measles or scarlet fever
- Infections: Bacteria, viruses and fungi are common causes of skin rashes
- Infestations: Some skin rashes are caused by tiny parasites like lice and mites
- A rash may be caused by contact with a substance outside the body, such as poison ivy.
Some of the main symptoms of facial rashes are:-
- Sore throat
- Slight fever
- Burning sensation
- Sensitivity to Sunligh
- Upset stomach
- Extreme Fatigue, Loss of Appetite, Weight Loss are the common symptoms of facial rashes.
- The skin may also become itchy, warmer, dry, cracked, blistered, lumpy or painful.
- Headache and Itching may be seen during facial rashes.
Treatment depends on the form of the rash and on the source of the rash. After the type is detected treatment can be done. These includes:-
- Medications: As the rashes cause a lot of pain patient generally go through a dru g therapy. Anticonvulsants or similar medications, such as carbamazepine, that directly affect the nerves are often prescribed.
- Surgery: A minor operation using a special needle inserted into the nerve through the cheek can stop the pain. The downside is that there is some loss of feeling in the area of the nerve.
- Keep your skin well-moisturized throughout the day but avoid moisturizers that clog the pores or are highly perfumed. Best time to apply a moisturizer: immediately after patting dry.
- While taking a bath use warm, not hot water, don't scrub your skin. Ideally, use your hands, not a wash cloth, to apply soap.
- Apply cool or lukewarm compresses to itchy or sore areas.
- Most rashes caused by viruses are not serious and usually disappear over a few days to a week. Home treatment is often all that is needed to treat these rashes.