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Body Acne - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Acne:An inflammatory skin disease that effects the tiny pores that cover the face, arms, back and chest as well as the oil glands attached to them. Acne is a chronic disorder characterized by excess production of oil from sebaceous glands causing the hair follicles generally on the face, chest and back to become plugged and Back Acne is one of its type.
It causes common skin disease characterized by pimples on the back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.Acne ranges from mild to very severe. Yet, even mild acne can be vexing, especially to teenagers, who see each pimple as a major cosmetic challenge.
Acne can occur at any age usually occurs during adolescence in both men and women. To be more specific, acne starts during puberty and tends to get worse for people with oily skin. Nearly 85 percent of people between the ages of twelve and twenty-five develop acne. Up to 20 percent of women over twenty-five develop mild acne. The disease is also sometimes found in newborns.Acne
The common symptoms of acne
- Pustules (pimples) : include persistent, recurrent red spots or swellings on the skin known as pimples.
- dark spots with open pores at the center,which are known as blackheads
- Whieheads: bulged spots under the skin without openings, which are known as whiteheads
- Apart from other symptoms , psychological symptoms, such as reduced self-esteem and depression are also there.
- Papules : inflamed lesions that appear as small, pink bumps on the skin
- Cysts and nodules : large, inflamed, pus-filled lesions that are lodged deep and can drain, causing pain and scarring
The exact cause of acne is unknown. Several risk factors have been identified:
- Acne is caused by an interaction between hormones, skin oils, and bacteria that results in inflammation of hair follicles.
- Gender division:Boys have more severe acne and develop it more often than girls.
- Hormonal changes: teenagers are more likely to develop acne.Acne can flare up before menstruation, during pregnancy and menopause .
- Diet: No foods cause acne, but certain foods may cause flare-ups.
- Drugs Sideeffects:Acne can be a side effect of drugs including tranquilizers, antidepressants, antibiotics , oral contraceptives and anabolic steroids. any medicine containing halogens(iodide, chlorides, bromides) also leads to acne.
- Excessive exposer to chlorine elements can lead to formation of back acne.
- Personal Hygiene: Abrasive soaps, hard scrubbing, or picking at pimples will make them worse.
- Cosmetics: Oil-based makeup and hair sprays worsen acne.
- Environmental Effects:Exposure to oils and greases, polluted air, and sweating in hot weather aggravate acne.
- Stress : Emotional stress may contribute to acne.
There are many treatments and regimens available for back acne, especially for the most severe types. Hormonal acne can be treated with Antiandrogens, Corticosteroids, Oral Contraceptives and natural alternatives. There are also several topical treatments available such as Retnoids.
- Clearin : a natural acne treatment for back acne that is available without a prescription and does not have any of the dangerous side effects associated with many acne medications.
- Ultraviolet light therapy: Ultraviolet light has not been proven effective as an acne treatment, but it can serve the purpose to some extent.
- Comedo extraction: This is one of the treatment but it should be performed under sterile condition by a dermatologist
- Chemical Agents: Glycolic,Light Chemical Peels acid and other chemical agents are applied by a dermatologist to loosen blackheads and decrease acne papules.
- Drink plenty of water. This helps to cleanse the system, and results in clearer, more hydrated skin.
- Relax. Try a calming exercise for when you get stressed out. Stress triggers breakouts for many individuals.
- Avoid harsh cleansers or toners - these can only aggravate acne and cause further irritation and redness