Acrochordons - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Acrochordons are made up of loosely arranged collagen fibres and blood vessels surrounded by a thickened or thinned-out epidermis. They are small benign tumors that occurs in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpits, and groin. They also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. They are usually harmless and do not become cancerous or malignant. They can become irritated if they are in an area where clothing or jewelry rubs against them, and they may be unsightly.
They protrude from the surface of the skin on a fleshy stalk called a "peduncle. They are considered as a projection of skin from the surrounding skin and may appear attached to the skin. Acrochordons normally vary in size and shape. They may be smooth or irregular, flesh colored or more deeply pigmented.
Acrochordons are very common soft harmless lesions that appear to hang off the skin. They are also described as:
- Skin tags.
- Soft Wart.
- Soft fibromas.
Causes of Aacrochordons
The main causes of Acrochordons includes:-
- Hormones Imbalances: If hormones are not produced normally, they may cause acrochordons.
- If you have a liver problems, such as hepatitis , then it may cause acrochordons to your body.
- Overexposure to the sun, such as a severe, blistering sunburn during childhood, may also lead to the condition of acrochordons.
- Viral infections: The viral infections, such as chickenpox and shingles may lead to the condition of acrochordons.
- Repeated exposure to X-rays, chemicals, and radioactive substances, are also the main factors of acrochordons.
- Acne: Acne in its serious chronic condition, may also lead to formation of acrochordons.
- Obesity: Skin tags develop in both men and women as they grow older. They tend to be more numerous in obese persons and in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Other possible causes may be:-
- Autoimmune Diseases : The autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and scleroderma may cause acrochordons.
- Bacterial skin infections, such as impetigo and cellulitis.
- High levels of growth factors, particularly during pregnancy or in acrogmegaly, may produce acrochordons.
- Insulin Resistance: Acrochordons are also seen with increased frequency in patients with insulin resistance.
- Actinic Keratosis: Actinic keratosis, may in turn lead to the condition of acrochordons.
- Allergic Reaction: Some people develop acrochordons as an allergic reaction to a medicine which may cause some skin changes.
Symptoms of Acrochordons:
A acrochordons at first may appear as a tiny soft bump on the skin. Over time, it grows into a flesh-colored piece of skin attached to the skin surface by a stalk. A skin tag is painless, although it can become irritated if it is rubbed a lot.
Some of the Possible Signs and Symptoms of Acrochordons includes:
- They are usually very small, but in some cases they may increase in size too, they may become half an inch long.
- Usually located on the neck, armpits, trunk and other body folds.
- May have a narrow stalk.
- They are mostly skin-colored, but sometimes may be darker too.
Treatment of Acrochordons:
Acrochordons usually don't need any treatment and will get cured on their own as time passes.
Some of the Treatment Options which can aid the healing process includes:
- In some cases, if acrocordons is not going, then it may be removed easily through surgery.
- Acrochordons usually disappears fast by intake of Chromium Picolinate 200 mcg twice a day. Chromium Polynicotinate can also be taken for the purpose and is sold under the name Natrol ChromeMate.
- When a acrochordons is irritated or cosmetically unwanted, treatment may be done by freezing the tag with liquid nitrogen, tying off the tag with a thread or suture so as to cut off the blood supply, or cutting off (excising) the tag with a scalpel or scissors.
Herbal Remedies for Acrochordons:
The following herbs have traditionally been used for the treatment of Acrochordons:-
- Comfrey - Comfrey creams and infusions can be used for the treatment of acrochordons.
- Black Walnut - Black Walnut is another herbal remedy used for the treatment of acrochordons.
- Astragalus - Use of astragalus in tincture form or capsules form helps to get rid of acrochordons fast and it also helps to boosts the immune system.
- Vitamin E: Diets rich in olive oil and using safflower oil as a substitute for vegetable oil will provide all necessary vitamin E needed for treating acrochordons.
- Aloe Gel , the gel has antiviral & antibacterial properties which help in curing acrochordons fast.